Treatment of Thyroid Disorders
The thyroid is a small gland that produces hormones that affect metabolism. The gland is butterfly-shaped and located near the base of the neck. When the thyroid is working correctly, the right balance of hormones is produced to regulate the speed of many functions related to metabolism in the body. When too much or too little hormone production occurs, it can result in many health issues. At Primary Care Joliet, we provide treatment for thyroid disorders at our medical centers in Joliet and Wilmington, IL.
There are many conditions that can cause thyroid disorders. Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid produces too many hormones that speed up many functions in the body, which can be caused by Graves’ disease, thyroid nodules, too much iodine intake and other factors. Hypothyroidism occurs when not enough hormones are produced, which can be caused by iodine deficiency, thyroid damage, medications and other factors.
Diagnosing thyroid disorder usually starts with compiling symptoms and taking a blood test. Our laboratory can determine whether hormone levels are too low or too high if you have symptoms of either hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
If your thyroid is making too many hormones, you may experience the following symptoms:
- Unexpected weight loss
- Nervousness and shaking
- Thin skin, brittle nails and damaged hair
- Increased heart rate
- Muscle weakness
- Increased appetite
Treatments for hyperthyroidism depend on the cause of high hormone production. There are medications and procedures that can slow or stop thyroid production. This can require hormone replacement therapy to restore hormonal balance.
If your thyroid is not making enough thyroid hormones, you may experience the following symptoms:
- Feeling cold
- Slow heart rate
- Muscle weakness, joint pain
- Dry hair and skin
- Weight gain
- Heavy or irregular menstruation
Most people with hypothyroidism will need to take hormone supplements to increase their hormones to the ideal level.
If you have symptoms of thyroid dysfunction, contact us at Primary Care Joliet. We can evaluate you for a thyroid disorder and determine if you need treatment. Call our medical center in Joliet or Wilmington, IL, to schedule a diagnostic appointment.